Conference Contribution Details
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Costello, R; Thomson, R
Sixth Pan-European Conference on EU Politics
The Distribution of Power among Parliament, Council and Commission
Tampere, Finland
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The introduction of the codecision procedure was expected to significantly alter the distribution of power among the EU institutions. While the Council and Commission were previously more powerful than the Parliament in legislative decision-making, it was generally anticipated that codecision would weaken the Commission and place the Parliament on equal footing with the Council. We assess whether this has been the case in practice, using data on the preferences of legislative actors in relation to a large number of proposals negotiated between 1999 and 2009. We also test theoretical propositions derived from Schelling regarding the effects of policy agreement within each chamber on the relative bargaining success of the Council and EP. Our findings suggest that, in comparison to the consultation procedure, codecision has strengthened the EP and weakened the Commission. However, we find that the Council holds certain bargaining advantages over the EP, and as a result the EP has not achieved parity with the Council under codecision.