National manifestations of anti-Muslim racism reflect both transnational
and local self-imaginings and relations of power.
In this article, Carr and Haynes present Irish
anti-Muslim racism as exemplifying the confluence of such forces. They
that Muslims are caught in a clash of
racializations; in this instance, between exclusionary Irishness and
Both operate to expose Muslims to racist activity
while concomitantly excluding them from the protection of the State.
and Haynes argue that the State’s failure to tackle
anti-Muslim racism is part of a wider dismantling of the apparatus to
address racism, which reflects both the
neoliberalization of ‘race’ and the racing of neoliberalism. In support
of these arguments,
Carr and Haynes present extensive primary data
which evidences the complex intersectional relationship between
ethnicity and gender in the lived experience of
anti-Muslim racism and underline its existence as a cohesive phenomenon.