Book Chapter Details
Mandatory Fields
Roberto Mazza
2015 March
URBAN VIOLENCE IN THE MIDDLE EAST Changing Cityscapes in the Transition from Empire to Nation State
Transforming the Holy City: From Communal Clashes to Urban Violence, the Nebi Musa Riots in 1920
Optional Fields
Middle East Urban Violence Jerusalem Riots Communal Violence
Th e urban character of violent struggle has even farther-reaching implications. For example, most of the Arab uprisings in 2011 and since have shown that the lines of confrontation by no means always run exclusively between governments and people. Diff erent groups and factions within the urban community may enter temporary or permanent alliances and exert violence against each other in their struggle for the reallocation of power or resources. During the uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia, the spontaneous formation of street and quarter groups defending their local urban spaces against police raids as well as against opportunist marauding might well serve as an example.19 Similarly, the formation of youth gangs joining in the protest as well as using the occasion for looting resembles the violent crowds described by Krimsti, Riedler and Mazza in Part III. Th ese chapters, which cover the period from 1850 to 1920, point to a number of continuities as well as to many ruptures in the development of collective action in the urban context. For example, present-day rioters could often build on new types of sociability, such as football clubs or political organizations, in addition to the new media such as Facebook and Twitter, through which they could mobilize much more quickly in the vastly expanded modern urban spaces.
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