Advanced oxidation process (AOP)
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products
Endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDC)
PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS
This study investigates the photocatalytic degradation of acetaminophen (Ace) from synthetic wastewater by individual TiO2, TiO2/SiO2 and/or WO3/TiO2/SiO2 composite under UV VIS illumination. To characterize changes intheir morphology and crystal structures before and after treatment, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), DRS UV VIS absorption spectra, Brunaer-Emmer-Teller (BET) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were used. The effects of varying loading ratios of the WO3 on the TiO2/ SiO2 composite for Ace degradation were studied. Operating parameters such as initial concentration, reaction time, dose of photocatalyst and pH were tested. Degradation by-products were also presented. It is found that the photodegradation performance of the WO3/TiO2/SiO2 composite as a photocatalyst in this study could be enhanced by optimizing the loading ratio of the WO3. About 3% (w/w) of WO3/TiO2/SiO2 was found to improve the degradation of Ace from 33% to 95% at the same initial concentration of 5 mg/L The resulting oxidation by-products included hydroquinone and 1,4-benzoquinone. Under the same conditions, the result of photocatalytic degradation by the 3% (w/w) of WO3/TiO2/SiO2 composite was significantly higher (95%) than that by the individual TiO2/SiO2 (42%) and/or by the TiO2 alone (33%). Under optimized conditions (1.5 g/L; 3% (w/w) of WO3/TiO2/SiO2 composite; pH 9; 4 h of reaction time), 95% of Ace removal with an initial concentration of 5 mg/L could be attained. However, the treated effluents still could not meet the discharge standard of <0.2 mg/L set by China's and US legislation. This indicates that further subsequent treatment like biological processes is still necessary for completing the removal of target pollutant from the wastewater samples. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.