Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Nair D.;Green J.A.;Marra C.A.
Research In Social & Administrative Pharmacy
Pharmacists of the future: What determines graduates¿ desire to engage in patient-centred services?
2 ()
Optional Fields
Determinant Patient-centred services Personality traits Pharmacy practice Pharmacy students
© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Background: Pharmacists increasingly need to provide patient centred activities like medicine management (e.g., medicine use review/home medicine review), screening for chronic illness (e.g., point of care testing for cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and hypercholesterolemia), treatment for chronic conditions (e.g., warfarin for thrombotic prophylaxis), and primary care treatment (trimethoprim, emergency contraceptive pill, and sildenafil). However, the adoption of patient-centred services into practice is still low, and it not known which pharmacist characteristics are associated with the adoption of these services. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether personality and other characteristics of pharmacy graduates are associated with their intention to provide patient-centred services in the future. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional survey of pharmacy graduates from the University of Otago at the end of 2017. The web-based survey involved several potential determinants: (1) the Achievement Goals Questionnaire (Revised), (2) five-factor (`Big Five¿) model of personality, (3) decision-making style using the Rational Experiential inventory, (4) general self-efficacy, (5) sense of belonging to the pharmacy profession. Additionally, interest in provision of services was assessed. Results: A total of 83 graduates completed the survey (response rate 63%, female 64%, age 22.5 years, SD: 1.7). Intention to provide patient-centred services was associated with higher: conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion; mastery-approach; self-efficacy; and sense of belonging to the profession. Relative to the New Zealand population norms, these students were higher in conscientiousness and lower in neuroticism. Graduates were more interested in providing new patient-centred roles than more traditional services. Conclusion: Overall, pharmacy graduates were very positive regarding their future involvement in patient-centred services. Pharmacy graduates¿ sense of self-efficacy and a sense of belonging in the profession were associated with interest in patient-centred roles. Increasing their self-efficacy and sense of belonging to the profession and building on their enthusiasm as new graduates are key to greater provision of patient-centred activities.
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