Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Culliney, P;Schmalenberger, A
2020
September
Foods
Growth Potential of Listeria monocytogenes on Refrigerated Spinach and Rocket Leaves in Modified Atmosphere Packaging
Published
2 ()
Optional Fields
STORAGE-TEMPERATURE VEGETABLE SALADS BABY-LEAF QUALITY PREVALENCE LETTUCE CONTAMINATION SURVIVAL INNOCUA SOLD
9
Minimally processed ready-to-eat (RTE) vegetables are increasingly consumed for their health benefits. However, they also pose a risk of being ingested with food-borne pathogens. The present study investigated the ability of RTE spinach and rocket to support the growth of Listeria monocytogenes as previous studies provided contradicting evidence. Findings were compared to growth on iceberg lettuce that has repeatedly been shown to support growth. Products were inoculated with a three-strain mix of L. monocytogenes at 10 and 100 cfu g(-1) and stored in modified atmosphere (4 kPa O-2, 8 kPa CO2) at 8 degrees C over 7-9 days. Spinach demonstrated the highest growth potential rate of 2 to 3 log(10) cfu g(-1) over a 9-day period with only marginal deterioration in its visual appearance. Growth potential on rocket was around 2 log(10) cfu g(-1) over 9 days with considerable deterioration in visual appearance. Growth potential of iceberg lettuce was similar to that of rocket over a 7-day period. Growth curves fitted closely to a linear growth model, indicating none to limited restrictions of growth over the duration of storage. The high growth potentials of L. monocytogenes on spinach alongside the limited visual deterioration highlight the potential risks of consuming this raw RTE food product when contaminated.
BASEL
2304-8158
10.3390/foods9091211
Grant Details