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Messing, S;Forberger, S;Woods, C;Abu-Omar, K;Gelius, P
Policies to promote physical activity in Germany An analysis based on a policy audit tool from the World Health Organization
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Background: Physical inactivity is a key determinant of noncommunicable diseases. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) as well as researchers worldwide have developed different tools to monitor and audit policies to promote physical activity. However, these tools have so far not been used to systematically collect and analyse data on physical activity promoting policies in Germany.Aim: This study aims to provide a systematic overview of policies to promote physical activity in Germany.Methods: The study was conducted as part of the Policy Evaluation Network ( Data from the European Union Physical Activity Monitoring Framework, desk research, and an expert survey were utilised and collected with the WHO's health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) policy audit tool (PAT).Results: The results highlight the wide range of relevant stakeholders and provide an overview of current policies as well as surveillance, evaluation, and funding. Significant accomplishments and persistent challenges are identified.Discussion: An international comparison shows that, in contrast to Germany, other countries have formulated measurable goals for physical activity promotion on a national level. However, Germany is among a minority of countries with specific physical activity recommendations for adults with noncommunicable diseases. Further structural development of physical activity promotion in Germany is necessary.
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